Research Interests

Traditionally, chemists follow a familiar tenet where the physical and chemical properties of molecules are controlled by changing the constituent atoms and/or the way in which those atoms are bonded together. Strong coupling is an alternative paradigm, where, instead, molecular properties are altered without changing the elements, bonds, or geometry in a formal sense. When a molecule is placed in an optical cavity (between two mirrors spaced apart by approximately one tenth of the thickness of your hair), a photon emitted from the molecule has an increased probability of being reflected back, reabsorbed, and emitted again. This oscillation of energy between the optical cavity and the molecule results in the formation of new quantum states, known as polaritons, that are composed of both light and matter. By coupling, or "mixing", light with matter, my research group modifies the characteristics of molecules in an effort to access novel chemistries that are unattainable by traditional means.


Courses Taught

  • CHM321Physical Chemistry I

    Quantum Mechanics

  • CHM322Physical Chemistry II

    Statistical Thermodynamics

  • CHM488Materials Chemistry

    Solid State Materials

  • CHM481Scientific Computing

    Free and Open Source Software

  • CHM103General Chemistry I

  • CHM104General Chemistry II


Ph. D.

Doctor of Philosophy in Chemistry

The Pennsylvania State University


Bachelor of Science in Chemistry

DeSales University



Assistant Professor of Chemistry

Muhlenberg College


Senior Chemist
Core Research and Development

The Dow Chemical Company


Analytical Chemist

Puritan Products, Inc.